A Banjo Bibliography

by Tim Thompson
with Contributions by:
Lew Stern and
Michael I. Holmes

Notes and Comments:
1. This is a work in progress and there is much left to do (see below). Any suggestions, additions, or comments will be gratefully received.

2. The purpose of this is to update and augment bibliographic work done by Clayton (1978), Linn (1994), Conway (1995), and others. It is not intended to replace the references lists included in those works and does not include all references in those works.

3. The Scope of these references covers primarily the 5-string banjo, its history and development, its players, and the musical contexts in which it was played from earliest times up to the beginnings of bluegrass style. Bluegrass music is by this time an overwhelmingly large subject and should be the topic of studies by those more knowledgable and interested in it than I. This scope is defined contextually rather than temporally: thus, references to biographical material or performances by old-time musicians dating from relatively recently are included, while contemporary bluegrass topics are not. Some technical material, particularly by Siminoff, that is of primary interest to bluegrass music has been included since no convenient way to divide this subject up could be devised.

4. What should be here that isn't yet: A canvas should be made of all issues of Pickin' magazine and the first year of Frets magazine should be made. I did not have access to these materials. A canvas of the Banjo Newsletter should be made. A canvas of Bluegrass Unlimited, which does indeed include stories and material on "pre-bluegrass" banjo, should be made. A systematic canvas of record liner notes from numerous recordings and re-recordings of old-time music should be made. Only a few that were conveniently at hand to me are included here. It was not my intention that this should include discography (beyond textual material already mentioned) but this would be a worthy addition for someone knowledgeable in this area, and some examples by Kermode and others are available on the web. Record reviews, however, are not included here. Traditional archival sources which include business records, newspapers, personal papers, etc. are likely to contain a great deal of useful information. A few examples at hand are included, and I hope to pursue this further on a time available basis.

5. There seem to be a number of us interested in this and I take no proprietary interest in this listing. I encourage any and all to add to this as a group effort, from which we might all benefit. Address material to:
with Attn: Tim Thompson as subject

Adler, Tom
1982 The Physical Development of the Banjo. New York Folklore 28(3): 187-208.
1852 "Old Titus - The Original Banjo-Man". Richmond Dispatch, April 21, 1852, p.2, cols.1-2 [typescript copy, Virginia State Archives].
1977 "Gibson Serial Numbers List-Part III". Pickin' 4(6):34-37.
Bacon, Frederick J.
1906 "The Bacon Professional Banjo". Catalog, reprint, Bernunzio Vintage Instruments.
n.d.a. "The Bacon Professional Banjo". Catalog, the Bacon Manufacturing Company,
Forest Dale, Vermont, reprint, Bernunzio Vintage Instruments.
1930 "The Evolution of the Banjo". Music Trades, 78 (March ):26.
Badeaux, Ed
1963 "The Wonderful World of Grandpa Jones". Sing Out 13(5):19-21.
Baily, Jay
1972 "Historical Origin and Stylistic Developments of the Five-String Banjo". Journal of American Folklore 95: 58-65
Bamman, Richard
1983 "Tone Chamber Replacement". Repair Shop No. 50, Frets 5(4):41-42.
Bernunzio, John and Jule Schnepf
1994 "Stromberg Deluxe Banjo". Vintage Guitar Classics 3:26-30.
Blisard, John
1981 "The Bing Brothers Band". Bluegrass Unlimited, 16(1):62-63.
Boggs, Dock
1964 "I Always Loved the Lonesome Songs". Sing Out 14(3):32-39.
Bollman, James F.
1984 "The Banjomakers of Boston". In Webb 1984a.
Bollman, Jim, Dick Kimmel, and Doug Unger
1978, "A History of Vega/Fairbanks Banjos". Pickin' June, 1978: pp. 26-38.
Brewer, W.W.
1953 "The Banjo in America". B.M.G. (serialized, beginning in Apr. 1953).
1953 "The Banjo in Britain". B.M.G. (serialized, beginning in May 1953)
Bryce, C.A.
1921 "Dusky 'Fiddlers' of Olden Days Tenderly Recalled By Writer". Richmond Times-Dispatch, May 22, 1921.
Burton, Thomas G., editor
1981 Tom Ashley, Sam McGee, Bukka White, Tennessee Traditional Singers. University of Tennessee Press, Knoxville.
Bussard, Joe, Wilson Reeves & Leon Kagrise
1972 "Buell Kazee Talking". Old Time Music 6 (Autumn):6-10.
Buxton, Barry M. , ed.
1983 Appalachian Experience Appalachian Consortium Press, Boone, N.C.
Cantwell, Robert
1984 Bluegrass Breakdown. Da Capo Press, New York.
Carlin, Bob
1986 "Return of the Fretless Banjo". Frets 8(7):54-55.
1997 "Scott Didlake- 'An Apprenticeship with the Ghosts'". The Old Time Herald, 5(7):12-14.
Carter, Thomas
1990 "I Never Could Play Alone": The Emergence of the New River Valley String Band, 1875-1915. In Arts in Earnest: North Carolina Folklife, edited by Daniel W. Patterson and Charles G. Zug III, Duke University Press, Durham.
Carter, Walter
1994 Gibson: 100 Years of an American Icon. . General Pub. Group, Los Angeles.
Clayton, Robert J.
1978 A Bibliography of the History and Playing Styles of the Five-String Banjo. Washington: Library of Congress, Archive of Folk Song.
Cohen, John
1965 "The Folk Music Interchange: Negro and White". Sing Out 14(6):42-49.
1966 "Roscoe Holcomb: First Person". Sing Out 16(2):3-7.
1967 "Clarence Ashley". Obituary in Sing Out 17(4):30.
1976 "Introduction to Styles in Old-Time Music". In Cohen and Seeger 1976.
Cohen, John, transcriber
1968 "Cousin Emmy by Herself". Sing Out 18(2,3):26-27.
Cohen, John, and Mike Seeger, editors
1976 Old Time String Band Songbook. Oak Publications, New York.
Cohen, Stu.
1976 "Banjo Makers and Manufacturers". Mugwumps, 7(2) pp. 10-13.
Conway, Cecelia
1995 African Banjo Echoes in Appalachia. University of Tennessee Press, Knoxville.
1988 "The African American Tradition of the Folk Banjo". PhD dissertation, Univeristy of North Carolina, Chapel Hill.
Eacker, Geoff
1997 "Five String Banjo". Workshop, The Old Time Herald 5(8):34-35.
Epstein, Dena J.
1975 "The Folk Banjo: A Documentary History." Ethnomusicology, 19(3): pp.347-371.
1977 Sinful Tunes and Spirituals: Black Folk Music to the Civil War. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1977.
Freeman, Herschel
1982 "Sonny Osborne". Frets 4(5):22-29.
Gibson, Inc.
1919 "The New Gibson Banjos". Gibson, Inc., Kalamazoo, reprint 1976, Pickin' Productions, Denville, N.J.
1920 "The New Gibson Banjos". Gibson, Inc., Kalamazoo, reprint 1976, Pickin' Productions, Denville, N.J.
1937 "Gibson, Catalog Y". Gibson, Inc., Kalamazoo, reprint 1976, Pickin' Productions, Cedar Knolls, N.J.
Glassie, Henry
1968 Pattern in the Material Folk Culture of the Eastern United States. University of Pennsylvania Press, Philadelphia.
Gruhn, George
1982 "Gibson 'Trapdoor' Banjos". The Vintage Catalog, Frets 4(3):44.
1982 "S.S. Stewart Banjeaurine". The Vintage Catalog, Frets 4(6):60.
1982 "Weymann Orchestra Banjos". The Vintage Catalog, Frets 4(10):56-57.
1983 "Gibson Guitar-Banjo Style GB-5". The Vintage Catalog, Frets 5(1):62.
1983 "Bacon & Day Silver Bell Banjo". The Vintage Catalog, Frets 5(2):60.
1984 "The Vintage Market, Banjo Bulls and Bears". Frets 6(5):53-56.
1984 "Vega Tu-ba-phone Banjos". The Vintage Catalog, Frets 6(7):63.
1984 "Paramount Banjos". Vintage Catalogue, Frets 6(10):53.
1985 "S.S. Stewart's 'Thoroughbred'". Vintage Catalogue, Frets 7(4):54-55.
1985 "1927 Gibson Bella Voce". Vintage Catalogue, Frets 7(10):50.
1986 "Kel Kroyden, Please Call Home". Vintage Catalogue, Frets 8(8):58-59.
1987 "After the Roar, Before the War". Vintage Catalouge, Frets 9(5):56-57,77.
1987 "Of Flat Heads and Top Tension". Vintage Catalogue, Frets 9(9):59, 70.
1988 "Prices Then and Now". Vintage Catalogue, Frets 10(11):57,70.
1989 "Snuffy Jenkins' Style 4 Banjo". Vintage Catalogue, Frets 11(3):66,90.
Gruhn, George and Walter Carter
1993 Acoustic Guitars & Other Fretted Instruments, A Photographic History. (first paperback edition 1997) Miller Freeman Books, San Francisco.
Gruhn, George and Paul D. Johnson
1996 "Bacon & Day's Silver Bell No.6, Tenor Banjo Archetype". Vintage Guitar Classics 6:14-18.
Hambly, Scott
1977 "Mandolins in the United States since 1880: An Industrial and Sociocultural History of Form". PhD dissertation , University of Pennsylvania.
Harmon, Daniel E.
1982 "Snuffy Jenkins, A Half-Century of Hillbilly Banjo". Frets 4(4):29-31.
Heier, Uli and Ranier E. Lotz, eds.
1993 "The Banjo on Record: A Bio-Discography". Greenwood Press, Westport, CT.
Holmes, Mike I.
1975 "John C. Haynes Company". Mugwumps 4:16-18.
1997 Encyclopedia Of American Musical Instrument Makers. Unpublished manuscript.
1972 1924 Martin Guitar, Mandolin & Ukulele catalog. (reprint by Michael I. Holmes)
1973 1896 S.S. Stewart banjo catalog. (reprint by Michael I. Holmes)
1973 1923 Vega Banjo catalog. (reprint by Michael I. Holmes)
1973 1927 Gibson Guitar & Mandolin catalog (Catalog P). (reprint by Michael I. Holmes)
1974 1928 Gibson Banjo catalog (mis-marked as 1927). (reprint by Michael I. Holmes), (still in print at Elderly Instruments)
1974 1920s Paramount Banjo catalog. (reprint by Michael I. Holmes) (still in print at Elderly Instruments)
1978 1897 Washburn Banjo, Guitar & Mandolin catalog. (reprint by Michael I. Holmes)
Irwin, John Rice
1979 Musical Instruments of the Southern Appalachian Mountains. Museum of Appalachia Press,Norris, Tenn.
Ivey, William, editor
1973 The 1921 Gibson Catalogue. Gibson, Inc., reprinted by the Country Music Foundation Press.
Kaufman, Elias
1976 "A History of the Fairbanks and Vega Banjo Companies". 5-Stringer, No. 123 (Fall 1976) and serialized in succeeding issues through 1979.
1978 "The Fairbanks and Vega Banjo Companies." Mugwumps 6, serial
1975 "Fred Bacon". Serialized in 5-Stringer No. 120 (Winter ) AND 121 (Spring 1976).
1973 "S. S. Stewart Banjos." Mugwumps 2 (3): 3-4; and (4):15-16; and (5):3-5.
Kaufman, Elias and Madeleine Kaufman, eds.
1974 "Van Eps Banjo Catalog." 5-Stringer No. 113 (1, 2.)
Kochman, Marilyn
1983 "New Directions for Old-Time Banjo, Bob Carlin". Frets 5(1):19-21.
Linn, Karen
1994 That Half-Barbaric Twang. Illini Books edition, University of Illinois Press, Urbana.
Lomax, Alan
1960 The Folk Songs of North America. Doubleday & Company, New York.
Longworth, Mike
1976 "The Vega Instrument Combany 1889-1970". Mugwumps 1: pp. 5-6.
Lornell, Kip
1974 "Pre-Blues Banjo and Fiddle". Living Blues 18: pp. 25-27
1990 "Banjos and Blues". IN Patterson, 1990.
Mainer, J.E.
1968 "J.E. Mainer of Concord, North Carolina". Sing Out 18(1):22-27.
Manning, Ambrose N. and Minnie M. Miller
1981 "Tom Ashley". IN Burton, 1981
Nathan, Hans
1962 Dan Emmett and the Rise of Early Negro Minstrelsy. University of Oklahoma Press, Norman.
Pankake, Jon
1964 "Sam and Kirk McGee from Sunny Tennessee". Sing Out 14(5):46-50.
Pardee, Peter
1984 "Banjo Evolution from the Plantation to Prime Time". Frets 6(5):36-45.
Patterson, Daniel W., ed.
1990 Arts in Earnest: North Carolina Folklife. Duke University Press, Durham.
Perdue, Charles L., Jr., Thomas E. Barden, and Robert K. Phillips, editors
1976 Weevils in the Wheat, Interviews with Virginia Ex-Slaves. University Press of Virginia, Charlottesville.
Post, Charles N.
1903, "The Origin and Growth of the Guitar, Mandolin and Banjo Industry in America." Music Trades 26(24): 77.
Rosenberg, Neil
1985 Bluegrass: A History. University of Illinois Press, Urbana.
Sandberg, Larry
1979 Complete Banjo Repair. Oak Publications, New York.
Schilling, Ed
1984 "'Folklore to Factory' Exhibit, M.I.T. Salutes the Banjo". Frets 6(5):30-35.
Scruggs, Earl
1968 Earl Scruggs and the 5-String Banjo. Peer International, New York.
Scruggs, Louise
1963 "A History of America's Favorite Folk Instrument". Sing Out 13(5):26-29 [this reprinted from the Tennessee Folklore Society Bulletin 1961].
1968 The History and Development of America's Favorite Folk Instrument. IN Earl Scruggs, 1968 [this an edited version of Louise Scruggs 1963].
Seeger, Mike
1976 "Some Thoughts About Old-Time Music". In Cohen and Seeger 1976.
1982 "Traditional Music, A Field 'Discovery'". Frets 4(12):44-45.
1983 "Traditional Music, the State of the Art". Frets 5(11):54-55.
Sharpe, A.P.
1966 The Complete Guide to Instruments of the Banjo Family. Mills Music Company, New York.
Siminoff, Roger H.
1977 "Techtalk". Pickin' 4(6):46-47.
1981 "The Gibson Banjos, 20 Golden Years, 1918 to 1938". Frets 3(1):24-29.
1982 "Banjo Tone Chambers, Part I". R&D, Frets 4(9):64.
1982 "Banjo Tone Chambers, Part II". R&D, Frets 4(10):58-59.
1982 "Banjo Rims". R&D, Frets 4(11):63.
1982 "More On Banjo Pots". R&D, Frets 4(12):54.
1984 "Goodbye, Kalamazoo, Closing the Doors on History". Frets 6(6):18,20.
1984 "The Uncommon Chamber". R&D, Frets 6(8):60.
1984 "Banjo Tone Chambers". R&D, Frets 6(9):59-60.
1984 "The Making of a Banjo Rim". R&D, Frets 6(12):60.
1985 "Bridges in the Balance". R&D, Frets 7(7):55.
1986 "Maple, Rosewood-and Concrete?". R&D, Frets 8(7):57.
1986 "Strong Rims, Good Vibrations". R&D, Frets 8(8):61.
1986 "How Rims are Wrought". R&D, Frets 8(10):70
1986 "The Mating Habits of Banjo Rims". R&D, Frets 8(12):64.
1987 "Flanges, Rims and Chambers". R&D, Frets 9(1):69.
1987 "Where Does a Bridge Belong?". R&D, Frets 9(4):58,67.
1987 "Dealing With Nuts". R&D, Frets 9(7):64,67.
1987 "Giving Bridges Their Due". R&D, Frets 9(9):58.
Smith, Hobart
1965 "I Just Got the Music in My Head". Sing Out 14(6):10-13
Stewart, Samuel Swain
1895 S.S. Stewart's Extra Fine Banjos. Philadelphia: S.S. Stewart, catalog reprint, Gilded Age Reprints (n.d.), Washington Mills, NY.
1888 "The Banjo! A Dissertation". S.S. Stewart, Philadelphia
Tallmadge, William
1983 "The Folk Banjo and Clawhammer Performance Practice in the Upper South:study of Origins." IN Buxton 1983: pp. 169-179
Toll, Robert C.
1974 Blacking Up: The Minstrel Show in Nineteenth Century America. Oxford University Press, New York.
Trischka, Tony
1977 "Snuffy Jenkins". Bluegrass Unlimited 12(4):20-21.
Tsumura, Akira
1984 Banjos, The Tsumura Collection. Kodansha International, Tokyo, New York.
1995 1001 Banjos. Published by the Author.
Vazquez, Alberto.
1973 "The Vega Instrument Company 1889-1970". Mugwumps 1(3):5-6 & (4): 4.
Webb, Robert Lloyd
1984a Ring the Banjar: the Banjo in America from Folklore to Factory. MIT Museum, Cambridge (second edition, reprint by Centerstream Publishing, Anaheim).
1984b "Confidence and Admiration: The Enduring Ringing of the Banjo". In Webb 1984a.
Wheeler, Tom
1992 American Guitars. Harper Collins, New York.
Wigginton, Eliot (editor)
1975 Foxfire 3. Anchor Press/Doubleday, Garden City, New York.
Winans, Robert B.
1976 The Folk, the Stage, and the Five String Banjo in the Nineteenth Century. Journal of American Folklore 89(354):407-437.
1979 The Black Banjo-Playing Tradition in Virginia and West Virginia. Journal of the Virginia Folklore Society, 1: 7-30.
Winans, Robert B. and Elias Kauffman
1994 "Minstrel and Classic Banjo: American and English Connections. American Music 12(1): pp. 1-30.
Winston, Nat
1968 "Foreward". IN Scruggs, 1968.
Wittke, Carl F.
1930 Tambo and Bones: A History of the American Minstrel Stage. Duke University Press, Durham.
Wolfe, Charles K.
1981 "Sam McGee". IN Tom Ashley, Sam McGee, Bukka White, Tennessee Traditional Singers, edited by Thomas G. Burton, The University of Tennessee Press, Knoxville.

Online Sources
Armstrong, T.J.
1928 "A Forty-Year Banjo War." Crescendo 7, March. OCR scan submitted in e-mail by Noel and Janet Induni [induni@together.net] to BANJO-L newslist [BANJO-L@ucdavis.edu] Sunday, 9 November 1997, 11:48:32.
Available: BANJO-L archives.
Barrow, Garry W.
n.d.a. "An Orientation to the Study of Material Folk Culture." [online].
Available: http://www.virginia.edu/vfh/vfp/matcult.html [1997, November 1].
Carter, Walter
1997 "Adventures in Archives, #6." Amplifier, February, 1997 [online].
Available: http://www.gibson.com/magazines/amplifier/1997/6/archive/index.html [1997, July 19].

1997 "Adventures in Archives, #7." Amplifier, February, 1997 [online].
Available: http://www.gibson.com/magazines/amplifier/1997/7/archive/index.html [1997, July 19].

1997 "Adventures in Archives, #8." Amplifier [online].
Available: http://www.gibson.com/magazines/amplifier/1997/8/archive/ [1997, August].

1997 "Adventures in Archives, #10." Amplifier, February, 1997 [online].
Available:http://www.gibson.com/magazines/amplifier/1997/3/archive/index.html [1997, August].
Chumley, Jeff
n.d.a. "Banjo Glossary." [online].
Available: www.radixnet/~jchumley/glossary.htm [1998, March 13].
Cohen, Stuart
n.d.a. "American Banjo Makers Civil War to WWII" [online]. first published in Mugwumps 7(1).
Available: http://www.mugwumps.com/banjomak.htm [1998, April 26].
Fort, Jeff
1997 "Selected Readings on American Slavery and Slave Narratives". [online].
Available: http://xroads.virginia.edu/~hyper/wpa/wpabib.html [1997, December 29].
Holland, Terry
n.d.a "British Banjo Makers Ancient." [online].
Available: in four parts at http://ourworld.compuserve.com/homepages/Terry_Holland/bjop1.htm [1998, March 3].
Holmes, Michael
n.d.a. "Banjo Wrenches." [online].
Available: http://www.mugwumps.com/wrenches.htm [1998, April 26]

n.d.a. "Cumulative Index To Mugwumps Magazine Volumes 1-1 thru 7-3." [online].
Available: www.mugwumps.com/cumindex.htm [1998, April 26].

n.d.a. "Dating A.C. Fairbanks and Vega Banjos." [online].
Available: http://www.mugwumps.com/acf_date.htm [1998, March 11].

n.d.a. "Identifying S. S. Stewart Banjos." [online].
http://www.mugwumps.com/sss_date.htm [1998, April 26].

n.d.a. "Mugwumps Bookshelf." [online].
Available: http://www.ultranet.com/~mholmes/bookshlf.html [1997, July 2].

n.d.a. "Musical Instruments Made Of Aluminum." [online].
Available: http://www.mugwumps.com/aluminum.htm [1998, April 26].

n.d.a. "The No Knot Tailpiece." [online].
Available: http://www.mugwumps.com/no_knot.htm [1998, April 26].

n.d.a. "Patent Numbers and Dates." [online].
Available: http://www.mugwumps.com/patents.htm[1998, April 26].
Induni, Noel
n.d.a. "Banjo Prices in the Twenties." [online].
Available: http://homepages.together.net/~induni/banjtable1.htm [1998, February 17].

n.d.a "Banjo Prices in the Twenties, Table 2." [online].
Available: http://homepages.together.net/~induni/banjtable2.htm [1998, February 17].
Kephart, Ralph
1995 "Art for Art Sake."[online]. 5-String Quarterly, Spring Issue.
Available: http://www.zilker.net/~5sq/history.html [1996, February 11].

1995 "Paramount Banjo Inlays." [online]. 5-String Quarterly, Summer Issue.
Available: http://www.zilker.net/~5sq/history.html [1996, February 11].

1995 "S.S. Stewart." [online]. 5-String Quarterly, Fall Issue.
Available: http://www.zilker.net/~5sq/history.html [1996, February 11].

1996 "A.C. Fairbanks." 5-String Quarterly, Winter Issue. [online].
Available: http://www.zilker.net/~5sq/history.html [1996, February 11].
Kermode, Anita
n.d.a "5-String Banjo Tuning Bibliography." [online].
Available: http://idt.net/~zepp29/akbiblio.htm [1998, March 13].

1997 "5-String Banjo Tunings." [online].
Available: http://idt.net/~zepp29/aktuning.htm [1998, March 13].

1997 "5-String Banjo Tunings, Addenda" (Sept. 1997) [online].
Available: http://idt.net/~zepp29/aktuning.htm#addenda [1998, March 13].
Moloney, Mick
n.d.a "The Banjo, A Short History." [online].
Available: http://www.sirius.com/~ststones/banjo.htm [1998, March 3].

n.d.a "The Banjo, A Short History, Notes." [online].
Available: http://www.sirius.com/~ststones/banjo.htm#N1 [1998, March 3].
Reese, Bill
n.d.a "Basic but Essential Sources for a History of the Banjo." [online].
Available: http://www.bluegrassbanjo.org/banjobib.html [1998, February 24].

n.d.a. "Notes on Orpheum Banjos." [online].
Available: http://www.bluegrassbanjo.org/orpheum.html [1998, February 24].

n.d.a. "Thumbnail History of the Banjo." [online].
Available: http://www.bluegrassbanjo.org/banhist.html [1998, Feruary 24].

1996 "Banjo Manufacturers' Serial Numbers." [online].
Available: http://www.bluegrassbanjo.org/orpheum.html [1998, February 24].
Rutkowski, J.
n.d.a "Bibliography of Resources on Classic Banjo." [online].
Available: http://www.fas.harvard.edu/~rutkowsk/biblio.html [1998, February 17].
Zepp, Donald
1996 "What Makes a Whyte Laydie?" [online].
Available: http://idt.net/~zepp29/whyte.htm [1998, March 13].

Selected Methods and Tutors
1976 "Classical Banjo". Amsco Music Pub. Co, NY
Armstrong, Thomas J..
1889 "The Crown Banjo Method". O. Ditson Co., Boston,
Baur, A. and W. A. Cole, et al.
1888 "College Songs for Banjo; Containing the Leading College Songs and Popular Songs of the Day", O. Ditson, Boston.
Briggs, Thomas F.
1855 "Briggs' Banjo Instructor". Oliver Ditson and Co., Boston.
Buckley, James
199? "Buckley's New Banjo Method". reprint, orig. pub. 1860.
Burke, John.
1968 "John Burke's Book of Old Time Fiddle Tunes for Banjo". Amsco Music Publishing Co.
Converse, Frank B.
199? "New and Complete Method for the Banjo With or Without a Master". reprint, orig. pub 1865.
Dobson, George C.
1871 "Dobson Brothers' Modern Method for the Banjo". White, Smith and Perry, Boston:
1877 "Dobson's New System for the Banjo". Oliver Ditson and Co., Boston.
1890 "World's Banjo Guide". White-Smith Music Publishing Co., Boston:
Fairbanks & Cole
1886 "The Progressive International Banjo Instructor,". O. Ditson, Boston.
Fischer (Carl) Inc.
1890 "Carl Fischer's New and Revised Edition of Celebrated Tutors: Banjo". C. Fischer, New York.
Fischer, Carl
189? "The Banjo player's pastime; a collection of 253 popular and standard airs, jigs, reels, hornpipes, polkas, waltzes...." C. Fischer, New York.

5-Stringer, Newsletter of the American Banjo Fraternity
Banjo NewsLetter
Bluegrass Unlimited
The Cadenza. "A music magazine devoted to the interests of banjo, mandolin and guitar players." Kansas City, Mo. 1894-1924.
The Crescendo. The monthly publication of the American Guild of Mandolin, Guitar and Banjo Players. HBoston, 1908-1933.
Journal of Country Music.
Sing Out!
Stewart's Banjo and Guitar Journal. Philadelphia, 1883-98
Old Time Herald

Record Liner notes
Chiera, Lisa
1964 "Galax Virginia Old Fiddler's Convention". Liner notes for Folkways FA2435, 33-1/3 rpm vinyl recording, Folkways Records & Service Corp., New York.
Clayton, Paul
n.d.a. "Instrumental Music of the Southern Appalachians". Liner notes for Tradition TLP 1007, 33 1/3 rpm vinyl recording, Tradition Records, New York [field recordings made in 1956].
Lornell, Kip
n.d.a. "Non-blues Secular Black Music in Virginia". Liner notes for BRI-001, 33-1/3 rpm vinyl recording, Blue Ridge Institute, Ferrum College, Ferrum, Virginia.
Seeger, Mike
1964 "String Band Instrumentals, The New Lost City Ramblers". Liner notes for Folkways FA2492, 33-1/3 rpm vinyl recording, Folkways Records & Service Corp., New York.
1991 "Mike Seeger Solo, Oldtime Country Music". Liner notes for Rounder Compact Disc 0278, Rounder Records, Cambridge, MA.
Clayton, Paul
n.d.a. "Instrumental Music of the Southern Appalachians". Liner notes for Tradition TLP 1007, 33-1/3 rpm vinyl recording, Tradition Records, New York [field recordings made in 1956].
Davidson, Eric H., and Paul Newman
1967 "Bluegrass from the Blue Ridge, a Half Century of Change". Liner notes for Folkways 33-1/3 rpm vinyl record FS 3832, Folkways Record and Service Corp., New York.
Faurot, Charlie
n.d.a. "Clawhammer Banjo". Liner notes for County 701 33-1/3 rpm vinyl record, County Records, New York [field recordings 1964].
n.d.a. "More Clawhammer Banjo Songs & Tunes from the Mountains". Liner notes for County 717 33-1/3 rpm vinyl record, County Records, Floyd, Virginia.
Wolfe, Charles K.
n.d.a. "Altamont: Black Stringband Music from the Library of Congress". Liner notes for Rounder 0238, cassette tape, Rounder Records.